Mixed marriages in Indonesia were
initially reguleted through GHR S. 1898-158, which enabled the mixed marriages
of candidate husbands/wives who possessed certain differences. Thus,the regulation was withdrawn through the introduction of Law
Number 1 of 1974 regarding marriages. Regarding mixed marriages, in accordance
with Article 57, the allowed mixed marriages were the one which candidate
husbands/wives who possessing different nationalities, and of which the
marriages were performed in Indonesia. When the difference of the candidate
husband or wife lies in their respective religion, then the marriage would
still be possible to be established outside Indonesia provided it is allowed in
that particular country and as long as the Indonesian citizen taking part in
that marriage does not transgress any marriage laws in Indonesia. A marriage
between people with different denominations is allowed in Indonesia.
If the registering of the marriage is regarded as the finalization of the legal validity of a marriage, than the marriage of people with different denominations/religion performed outside Indonesia should not be allowed to be registrated in Indonesia. The marriage of persons of the same gender (such a between homosexuals and lesbians) in Indonesia, not only being not yet popular, even the existence of such a relationship is regarded as being sinful and degrading. The prediction in the future, in Indonesia, based on the legal norms of the Indonesian Constitution- UUD of 1945 Article 27 (1) likewise Article 28B (1) and 28I (5), should be taken into consideration for establishing a sexual relationship with the purpose of creating a family through marriage regulations, taking into account that no one whosoever in this world wants an likes to be destined as a human being possessing an deviation.
In modern life, we must have the courage to admit it fairly
that we have trouble distinguishing the Hinduism value with the value of
local customs (indigenous Balinese and Javanese indigenous peoples). These
demands are often derived from the life of another religion who had earlier
understood their religion through academic study. As a result, this social
interaction makes Hindus have a difficulty to arguing the teachings of
Hinduism, often heading towards the reason of our unique customs. According
to the opinion of the author, consider of described above, for the academics
(especially those who steeped in Hindu religion) becomes a serious challenges
and must be sought for solution.
We should not be ashamed, if we can also strive to increase the Hindu religious norms in public life, through a process of academic human resources. Suitable institutions to deliver this vision is starting from university. Thus the efforts of academic studies that need to be improved is the sincerity and depth of Hindu norms. The author devide this project into three: the areas of family law norms of the law of marriage, inheritance law and economic law. Field of this study should be guided by the Hindu religion without doubting and set some slokas that came from Hindu scriptures.
Trading through Broker,
one side is easy; the other side could be difficult. The difficulty here means
determining the hidden defects responsibility and law risk of goods purchased
by a third party. After further research on the existance law, the responsibility
is determined by the law of the intermediary relationship with the parties
involved in the transaction. Trading through agents and brokers, their legal
relationship with the employer is the authority, so the agent is
outside the parties doing transaction, then who shall be responsible for the
third party is the businessman as a seller.
While trading through distributors and commissioners, the legal relationship to the third party (the buyer) is the legal relationship where the commissioner and distributors are as sellers, they shall be responsible to the third party (the buyer) over the hidden defect and law risk of the goods he bought.
The amount of a fine, or the length of imprisonment based on the
decision of a judge, is determined by the judges deliberations based on
facts, norma and legal doctrine related to the case being conducted.
The description of the facts should be based on the occurrence of the
case supported by proofs in accordance with the law. A just verdict is
not only determined by the norms created by the state, which is called
"law", but also based on the existing norms which are adhered to by the
community, such as religious norms, traditional norms and others.
In the absence of legal norms, the judge may use the opinion of the experts (doctrine) to decide on a case. Besides the above mentioned, the quality of the judges decision is also determined by the morals of the judge involved, such as can be seen imbedded in his deliberations and read in his written verdict.